More to install. Noel Guards in place.








Totals are below for the 2017 season, 3 native species successfully nested. Thanks for your patience–been a tough year for me personally on the home front. Hope this lines up right. Questions?  The photos included are when I moved nestlings that lost their parents and starving (a couple died on the nest) to a new nestbox with other nestlings about the same age to be fostered by the new parent bluebirds.  All fledged at the same time in a few more days.

-BLUEBIRDS: 68 nests, 313 eggs, 290 hatched, 273 fledged
-TREE SWALLOWS: 9 nests, 36 eggs, 29 hatched, 29 fledged
-CHICKADEES: 4 nests, 20 eggs, 18 hatched, 18 fledged


-Total 20 dead/missing nestlings.
-Total 9 eggs missing or removed unhatched eggs (by parents).
-Total 6 unhatched eggs found on fledged nest (this is low!).
-1 box dead adult female on ground to cat predation!
-2 boxes snake predation–none were at the Virginia Bluebird Society protocol setups.
-2 boxes bear attacks! Lost 4 bluebird young and swallow eggs.
-1 box parents died-moved babies to be fostered at Nestbox 16.
-1 box all nestlings died-deceased removed by parent birds.
-1 box had chronic carpenter bees-babies fledged OK.
-1 box chronic paper wasps. Eradicated! Late bluebird nesting.
-1 box bluebird young died-starvation-parents went missing.
-1 box bluebirds did takeover over tree swallow nest and eggs.
-1 box fledgling found dead on nest. Other siblings made it!
-1 box chickadees beat bluebirds in nesting. Unusual.
-1 paired boxes did well for bluebirds/swallows to nest nearby.
-2 boxes of 2-Hole Mansions again highly successful!
-1 box had no action with any nests this season.
-1 box had first-time tree swallows nesting and early in season.




Here is my trail summary essay points… bluebird stats are 66 nest attempts total (which means at least one egg was laid per nest), 288 eggs laid, 243 eggs hatched, 217 young fledged.  Not my best year for the trail, in spite of the fact that last year I fledged 211 bluebirds.  I had many more challenges and a higher percentage of eggs and nestling losses this year and smaller clutches. The trail fledged less Tree Swallows and Carolina Chickadees compared to last year, as well. One House Wren active nest and fledging ONLY this year. Absolutely NO House Sparrow issues this year. Good!  Every year is different.  Last year — my best ever.  This year, not so great.   Now I look forward to the 2017 nesting season!


EABL – Eastern Bluebird

TRES – Tree Swallow

CACH – Carolina Chickadee

HOWR – House Wren

HOSP – House Sparrow

1. One box had a sudden roof fail and I moved the nest and nestlings to a newly installed box nearby. Parents accepted and fledged young.

2.  Two broods died on nest and I could NOT determine why.  NOT BLOWFLIES, NOT STARVATION.

3. I had two boxes that I had to eradicate hornets’ nests. One was built over TRES eggs during incubation it appears, but I got that nest and eggs moved to a new box nearby. The TRES incubating female accepted and hatched them a couple of days later.

4. Snakes got past several remaining 6-inch wide stovepipes and one 7-inch wide stovepipe. I am replacing those with 8-inch wides for 2017.  NO PREDATIONS at any of my 8-inch widths.

5. I had one box that had a late season nesting, only one brood, and they fledged.

6. I had some dead hatchlings removed by parent birds. I find this marvelous! This is possible if they are small enough to get out the 1.5″ entry holes. To remove the dead is progressive and good action by parent birds. This is not possible when the young grow larger, unfortunately.

7. Carpenter bees occupied two boxes during nestings, but no problems for the eggs or young, amazingly. I did try to eradicate nonetheless.

8. TRES attempt but evicted by bluebirds. TRES left area, too late to add another box in a paired setup.

9. I witnessed a premature fledging take place at one box due to human workers in vicinity of the nestbox. Age was 14 days old when fledging. Most made it barely up to a tree. Two went to ground and I flushed them up to tree when I did not see parents fly down to them within a reasonable amount of time.

10. I still had one box on a fence at one private owner’s location with no predator guard …. EXCEPT a pronged out Noel Guard. SUCCESS in fledging! I still do not recommend NOT using a wobbling stovepipe baffles, which increases success rate of fledging because it deters climbing predators.

11. Using heat shields on a few boxes with nestlings seemed to really help this year when the temps were above 90 degrees. I only needed those on my original 10 year old boxes, that had a bit less ventilation at the top. The newer boxes are Carl Little designs which have adequate ventilation at the top — I’ve not ever had nestling losses due to heat in those designs, nor in the 2-Hole Mansion, either.

12. Diatomaceous Earth applications worked on all nests but one — the hardy larvae got past the DE on the side of one nest and the whole brood died. Other nests, the larvae did not have enough strength to get past the DE and the bluebirds broods survived a lightweight amount of the blowfly larvae. I know this from the dissected fledged nests in the bucket by how many larvae are still alive and how many are dead inside the nest.





The last set of bluebirds fledged early on Sunday, August 30, 2015.

43 Nestboxes Monitored 1-2 x Per Week (5 Were Unoccupied)

Number of monitoring hours logged with the Virginia Master Naturalist Program:

Number of miles driven to care and maintain and monitor the trail:


– 52 nest attempts

– 241 eggs laid

– 215 eggs hatched

– 211 bluebirds fledged


– 3 nest attempts

– 16 eggs laid

– 15 eggs hatched

– 15 chickadees fledged


– 8 nest attempts

– 36 eggs laid

– 31 eggs hatched

– 25 tree swallows fledged


2 HOSP attack on Nextbox #34—destroyed TRES egg and 1 TRES fledgling killed just before fledging.  Neck and head pecked with huge hole behind head on top of neck area.  I chose not to post a picture, but I have one.  The hole on the back of the neck is huge.  It appeared the attack took place within a 48-hour period of time of my box check.

NO LOSSES due to blowfly larvae.  DE applied to all nests, all broods.  Only two or three nestings had no blowfly larvae found inside nesting material on nest inspection after fledging.  I will say some nest inspections still showed a few live larvae; obviously not enough to cause harm to the young.

1 Snake at PVC 6-inch width guard (a private nestbox by a homeowner) – resulted in loss of 4 EABL young after 13 days old.  Sometimes the PVC sleeve works; other times not.  The sleeve needs to be smoothed out and waxed periodically.  Sometimes any weed wacker around the base of the sleeve or mowing has cut grass clippings and thrown up dirt sticking to the PVC, creating a grip for predators.  Snakes will grip using their scales to that to cleverly maneuver their way up the sleeve.  The box is at 5 feet off the ground.   The box otherwise did well and fledged another brood after.  Appears to be a hit or miss on the snake there, probably the black rat snake, a native snake that I refuse to kill.   We need snakes to keep our rodent population down in the biological balance of things.  Other note is the rat snakes, being an expert climber, gets to other birds’ nests in trees and shrubs — much of nature we do not see at all.  If you use a PVC sleeve, try a wider one, keep it clean and smooth from any natural materials sticking to it, and use a carnauba car wax all the way top to bottom and buff it smooth.  This might help in future.  Keep wiping it down as necessary with a cloth to keep it free of debris.

Dead or Missing Young

8 — Either I removed or the parent birds removed.  One clutch of 5 feathered 12-day old TRES young died—inspected thoroughly for cause—NO TRAUMA and fully feathered–possibly starvation–possible poisoned from insecticides–do not know for sure.  Perhaps one or both parent TRES were killed and during a period of 3 days of rain, making it difficult for them to find flying insects to catch on wing.

Missing or Destroyed Eggs:   

5 — 1 TRES egg was destroyed and removed by HOSP in the school nestcam box.  The rest were removed by parent bluebirds or chickadees.

Unhatched/Unviable Eggs found on or inside nest:  


Other Interesting Notes and Events: 

I HAD ABSOLUTELY NO “ACTIVE” House Wren nestings and NO HOUSE WREN ATTACKS (predations) on other species eggs and young.  This is very unusual on my trail as last 3 years I’ve lost bluebird eggs and hatchlings due to House Wren attacks.  I did see a few sticks here and there dropped inside the nestboxes–one stick was dropped on 1 day old bluebird hatchlings.  Perhaps the parent bluebirds fought them off.  Theory only as I did not witness it.  I removed stick on top of the hatchlings.

I HAD ABSOLUTELY NO PREDATIONS of snakes, cats, or raccoons in my *protocol boxes* of pronged out Noel Guards and 8-inch wide wobbling stovepipe baffles.  This is cause for celebrations for me – a FIRST.   Last two years, I’ve had roaming housecats and possibly feral cats cause death to adult bluebirds (many with new hatchlings) getting ambushed on the ground while finding insects to feed their young.  This year, I did not find evidence of cat-caught bluebirds.  It does not mean it did not happen; however, usually I find the remains on the ground near the nestbox.  I was wondering if there was a loss of a parent bird at a few of the nestboxes.   Something got them, but I can’t determine what exactly:  either hit by a car, taken by a hawk, or taken be a cat, or killed by eating insects laced with pesticides.   I do not know.

I HAD ABSOLUTELY NO DEATHS to adult native cavity-nesting birds using my boxes due to HOSP attacks.  I did, however, lose one tree swallow ready-to-fledge in a brood of 4 by a HOSP attack.  Unfortunately this took place at the local elementary school’s nestcam box.   The better news is this attack did not take place while school was in session on live video projection!   This took place on or around the fledge date of the tree swallows near the date of July 20th.

I HAD ABSOLUTELY NO DEATHS to any species nestlings due to blowfly larvae, with thanks to puffing inside the nesting material food-grade organic diatomaceous earth.

I HAD NO Tree Swallow vs. Eastern Bluebird competition for nestboxes this season.  However, I did have a good year with increased tree swallow nestings.  Unfortunately, I did lose one brood of 5 12-day old tree swallows due to either eating insects laced with pesticides or from starvation.



The 2-Hole Mansion is in its 6th year of success EASTERN BLUEBIRDS vs. HOUSE SPARROWS.  No deaths of adult or nestlings from HOSP attacks.   The Mansion fledged 5 bluebirds this season.

I did have to remove two dead young from one nestbox (standard box) manually.  I was not able to determine cause of death.  It was in a box by a pasture — the removed nest was inspected and only dead blowfly were found inside the nest.  Perhaps those two young did not get enough food.  No trauma found on the remains.

What I thought was a nestbox setup knockdown by a bear with live tree swallow young was really a tractor during mowing.  The box, in a public park, is installed on a slight grade.  The mower evidently was on wet grass and slipped down and knocked the whole setup down with live young.  When I arrived (do not know how long it had been), the young were still inside alive and the parent birds were stressed flying around the area.  I was able to reinstalled the setup, all bent up, and get it back so that the parent birds could continue care for the young, which fledged 3 days later!  By the way, how I discovered this is one monitoring week or so later, I saw the mowers and wanted to introduce myself.  It was then they mentioned it to me when I told them I thought a bear knocked it down.  I gave them my contact info (a biz card I keep for my bluebird volunteering effort) and asked them to contact me by phone locally if they notice something wrong with my box setups in the park.   I do have a label with my phone number on all my boxes.

One nestbox had a mixed white and pale blue eggs.  I tried to determine if two females were laying, but could only witness one female bluebird at the box location during the week the eggs were laid, 1 by 1, each day.

Another box had a female bluebird lay 5 eggs, then another female bluebird entered a week later and laid her 4 eggs and buried the first female’s clutch.  There is a possibility they had a fight over the box or the first female bluebird was killed and the 2nd female found the nestbox soon after and used the nest.  The second clutch of 4 did hatch and fledge.  I found the first 5 eggs inside the nest material when I cleaned the box out.

In spite nesting was a month later this year than average, I had several nestboxes with 3 broods.

Latest fledge ever of bluebirds on the trail since 2007:  August 30th

I had a good year for Carolina Chickadee nestings.  Only 1 egg of 16 did not hatch.  All others hatched and fledged successfully.

Two nestboxes NOT my protocol and not my property were monitored that existed on installations with no predator guards.  One was a fence line/wood post on a local church’s grounds and the other was on the school property’s ball field on a utility pole.  Box boxes were at about 5.5 feet high off the ground.  Once I established species and final egg clutch laying completed, I fastened securely Noel Guards at those two nestboxes, pronged them out, and conducted twice-a-week surveillance of the nestboxes for activity using binoculars.   Both boxes fledged birds successfully—species were bluebirds.

I know from witnessing this that bird species WILL remove dead young if they are small enough to lift and exit from the 1.5” entry holes.   This is also true for unviable, unhatched eggs, though mostly either the eggs remain in the nest or get buried inside the nest by a parent bird.  In the instance I can do so, after the 4th day, I will try to manually remove unhatched eggs myself using a plastic spoon.

I am no longer experimenting with hardware cloth screen on nestbox floors.  Though I agree it helps with keeping nests drier, I do not find them helping keeping blowfly larvae from young as the larvae still sit inside the nest material at night, not falling below the nest through the gaps in the screens.  I am only using diatomaceous earth in ALL nests, all broods, to eradicate ALL parasites inside the nest material, mostly to eradicate blowfly larvae, but also mites and ants.

Due the nestboxes being well designed – the Carl Little Design – I have had NO WET NESTS from rain water getting inside the boxes and NO HEAT deaths due to inadequate ventilation, even with boxes in the sunlight.   The hottest day I logged this year along the trail was about 96 degrees.  Once it gets higher than 98, I would be concerned and would attempt to shade the boxes manually.  This was not necessary this year.

I did notice some nestboxes always occupied every year were NOT occupied this year.  I am thinking it is because we had a loss of bluebird populations in our area, all over Virginia, to severe winter weather and repeat freezing temperatures (enough to freeze homeowner’s pipes!).

I had one newly-installed nestbox by request of a neighbor that was late in the season (Memorial Day weekend).  It went unfound and unoccupied this year.  Next year, I expect it to be discovered and used.


By:  CBB    Owner-Manager of the Woolwine House Bluebird Trail, Est. 2008.




Here is final data, interesting observations, and highlights for 2012 nesting season on the WHBBT.  Only two species nested and laid eggs and fledged young: 

Eastern Bluebirds:  30 nest attempts, 128 eggs laid, 100 eggs hatched, 87 fledged.  13 nestling deaths, 19 unhatched and retrieved eggs, 9 missing/destroyed eggs.

Carolina Chickadees: 3 nest attempts, 15 eggs laid, 15 hatched, 14 fledged.  1 nestling death.

Results of Predation, Deaths of Nestlings, and Missing/Destroyed Eggs:  1 snake, several house wren attacks, chickadee nest takeovers,  a 3-night freeze snap early in season, and 2 predations are “unknown” reasons (possibly  flying squirrel, snake, starvation-abandonment, or house wren—I could not determine cause in two cases).  Chickadees also took over 2 bluebird nest attempts in early season—they destroyed bluebird eggs and nested over bluebird nests.

Eggs Missing/Disappeared inside nests: 9 eggs unfound or unaccounted

Unusual Observations/Results on the trail for 2012:   What surprises me the most this year is the number of deaths and unhatched eggs!  Fourteen (14) dead nestlings.  There were nineteen (19) UNHATCHED eggs, all retrieved by me during the nesting cycle or after nesting cycles were completed and soiled nests removed and dissected and nestboxes cleaned out.   The rest of the eggs were missing/unaccounted for.

The Good News:  I again fledge more bluebirds this year than the year before.  It has been consistent that I fledged on or about 20 more bluebirds per year since my bluebird trail officially commenced in February 2008’s nesting season.  My records show a number fledged for 2008, and then 20 more bluebirds fledged in 2009, and then approximately 20 more in 2010, and again in 2011.  I went from 14 nestboxes in 2008 to 19 presently.  I installed two more nestboxes in early July this year to bring the count to 21 nestboxes on the trail; however, House Wren dummy nests were built in those boxes, so that data is not included.  For 2012, I fledged 11 more bluebirds than last year.  I strongly believe that the number of nestling deaths (14), the number of unhatched eggs (19),  and the fact that one very successful nestbox in past had to be removed after the first brood fledging due to a new construction site made an impact on the fledging totals this year.  I was honestly expecting a larger number of fledgings of bluebirds this year.  Considering it’s still 11 more than last year makes me feel satisfied.

Summary Observations and Tidbits:

This has been the most challenging year yet on the Woolwine House Bluebird Trail regarding observing and troubleshooting unusual activities.  I dealt with absolutely zero blowfly infestations during the first two broods (usually in my location it’s every brood–no matter what time of year) and then third broods got smacked hard with a super-strong and powerful blowfly population—as if they were on steroids.  Other problems were ants attempted to infest one nestbox (and corrected by me), excessive heat caused some weakness and slower development even in well-ventilated nestboxes (but no deaths due to heat), a freeze snap for three nights in a row in early Spring caused starvation due to lack of insects (and thus protein and hydration to one hatchling—that is the only death to the cold snap), one snake managed to get past a stovepipe guard (this happens at least once each year), a few house wren attacks at a location of two nestboxes, chickadees fighting bluebirds over nestboxes at location of two nestboxes—chickadees destroyed bluebird eggs; and last but not least, there has been an unusual number of nestling deaths and unhatched eggs.  One nestling death was a chickadee–all chickadees in that brood fledged except one—could not determine cause—no blowfly larvae found—possibly starvation.   Out of 19 nestboxes on the trail, three were unoccupied this season.  Surprisingly, two of those three unoccupied nestboxes were extremely successful last year and the years before (average 2-3 broods fledging bluebirds).  Therefore I will not move this box for 2013.  I was able to keep blowfly infestation controlled in all boxes except for two nests.  One brood of 4, in spite of my method of control, did not succeed–the infestation was too strong and larvae too large and thus survived deterrence—those 4 nestlings died quickly from weakness due to anemia (low blood cells) thus disabling them(weakness) to take in food from the parent bluebirds before I could save them.  Upon dissecting the infested nest, I counted quite a few live, gorged-with-blood larvae.  The other nest showed the same symptoms, so I conducted a nest change-out—this is moving the weak nestlings carefully by hand from the infested nest to an unused-unsoiled-abandoned previously built nest by bluebirds made of grasses– those nestlings survived the nest change and fledged at age 18 days old.  I dissect all nests, except unused nests which I keep for emergencies.  By dissecting used, soiled nests, I find interesting things about them, how many blowfly larvae survived my deterrence method, how many did not survive, how many infested the nest, finding uneaten food given to the fledglings but not consumed at fledging time.  This year a dead baby skink or newt and a large dead bumblebee were found on top of the fledged nests.   I also had two nests with the same parent bluebirds, one brood after the other, that appeared to be completely unskilled (lazy?) at removing the fecal sacs left by their nestlings and upon cleaning out the nestbox, I found those nests severely crusted with the nestlings waste matter—wet and sticky.  I was surprised to find the nestlings fledged, but they did.  I look at the sides of the walls and the front of the box for clues of successful fledging.

The following nestboxes are worth mentioning certain observations for 2012:

Interesting Data – Nestbox #1:  The first bluebird brood’s 4 eggs were pushed down inside the nest by something I have not been able to pin down.  It appears to have been another bluebird female that wanted to use that box—evicted the other female or perhaps the first female abandoned the nest or was killed.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #3:  This box has been very successful with 2-3 broods consistently, except this year—it was completely unoccupied.  I have not been able to determine reason.  It will not be moved for 2013.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #7:   One brood of three nestlings died inside the nest—do not know why; possibly the parents were killed and the nestlings died of starvation.

Highlight – Nestbox #8:   This nestbox was unoccupied by any species for two years straight.   Instead of pulling it up, I decided to give it another chance this year; I knew it was in great bluebird habitat.  This year, my hunches were correct–it produced THREE broods this year, though one brood had a clutch of 4 unviable eggs laid July 24th and thus never hatched as of August 31, 2012.  Those four eggs have been included in the unhatched egg count total for this nesting season.  I “candled” the 4 eggs—all were clear showing no development; therefore it appears they were unfertilized.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #9:  This has been a successful box since the day it was installed.  This year, one brood fledged and the box had to be removed due to the location going under construction from a field to a parking lot; therefore, no more data of fledged birds could be included in this year’s count.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #10:  Strangely, this box did very well in past two years. This was the nestbox that fledged 2-3 broods of chickadees and bluebirds, including the laying of my first ever clutch of white eggs.  This box was totally unoccupied this year.  The good habitat for bluebirds has not changed.  The box will remain to see how it does next year.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #12:  This nestbox has been consistently my highest yielding of bluebirds in years past.  This year, we had some troubles.  First brood had one unhatched egg; the rest of the nestlings were taken by a snake.  First time for this box.  The second brood had one unhatched egg; the rest of the nestlings were attacked by wrens.  One nestling was taken out of the nestbox and dropped, which ended up in the Noel guard and died there.  The other two nestlings survived the attack and fledged.  Both incidents this year is very unusual for this nestbox, which is in open habitat and not close to brushy areas.

Interesting Data – Nestbox #13:  This was a good box for habitat and fledgings until past two years.  This being a field, the growth of vegetation surrounding the field where the box is located has caused too much thickets nearby.  In spite of my two years of efforts keeping this nestbox trimmed, I cannot maintain this box any further and keep those thickets trimmed away from the nestbox.  It will be moved to a new location for 2013 to attract bluebirds in better, more open habitat.  It is obvious the bluebirds did not like this nestbox being close to thick vegetation and hay grasses being too tall for long periods of time.

Highlight – #15:  The same nestbox had the earliest egg laid on my trail– two years in a row:  March 11 in 2011 … and March 8 in 2012.  This nestbox truly has become the most successful nestbox on the trail.

Highlight — Nestbox #16:  The 3-Year Test-Two Hole “Mansion” (from Linda Violett, Yorba Linda, CA) was a MAJOR winner this season! THIS YEAR, absolutely no House Sparrows attempted to nest this year and bluebirds fledged three broods this year— bluebirds were able to successfully fledge 3 broods without me intervening with gadgets or HOSP trapping.  A total of 12 bluebirds young fledged this box this year, in spite of a blowfly issue and house wrens entering the nestbox while the bluebirds were attempting to fledge.   More information in detail will be coming to the website to conclude this 3-year test.  I expect to have this online by end of September (or sooner).  This nestbox has proven to be the second most successful on the trail, not far behind Box #15 as the top producer.

No summary trail results for 2011.



 Each year, with the same number of nestboxes, I have noticed I fledge 20 more bluebirds each nesting season.  This season I fledged 20 more bluebirds than last year.   I continue to deal with problems and I think each year as I learn how to better be a good trail monitor and keep good statistics, I can see how every year is a little better than the last.
This was Year 1 of the 3-year test for the larger “mansion” with the two entry holes for testing how bluebirds do against the non-native House Sparrow. Please see the gray tabbed page for those results.   I fledged bluebirds successfully, one brood, after House Sparrows attempted to nest in that box.  It’s the only box that has a House Sparrow problem.
This was a bad year for ticks.  Since one box is in field grasses, my plan is to move that box to a “garden and yard” location, which is attractive to bluebirds and will be easier for me to monitor so I don’t have to walk through hayfields.   I do have another box on that field, but I don’t have to walk far to monitor it.  Now I use lots of clothing to cover myself up and also a non-deet spray to put on my clothes and my skins to keep the ticks off.
I did have ants at several boxes, which I took care of right away.   The blowfly problem was taken care of this year by using the Diatomaceous Earth carefully before bluebird eggs hatched.   The predator guards on both the entry hole and the ground guard proved worthy again for this season.  Only one black rat snake made it past a stovepipe ground guard, much to my dismay!  It will happen; however, not using a ground guard for sure causes more predation and unsuccessful fledgings.   I have a 99% success rate using the stovepipe ground guard!

Weather was interesting this season.   Because of the harsher winter we had for 2009 and into early 2010, my bluebirds started to nest later in the spring than prior seasons.  However, I had three broods on my trail this year, the first I’ve ever had THREE broods nesting.   The last of the bluebirds fledged late August.
I have contacted both Floyd and Patrick County Chamber offices to let them know who I am!   Patrick County was kind enough to put up a page up for me  to get the word out how to contact me (thank you, Mr. Tom Bishop)….
Additionally, both the Floyd Press (Floyd County) and The Enterprise (Patrick County) submitted articles in late winter 2010 to contact me about installing nestboxes before the male bluebirds start establishing their territories and female Eastern Bluebird picks her mate to start nest building.  I am seeking bluebird enthusiasts to contact me so that I can train to monitor bluebird boxes and collect statistics.  Please help me get statistics in.  I coordinate that for the two counties.  All this helps the Virginia Bluebird Society and the North American Bluebird Society to see how the bluebirds are doing year after year.   Those statistics also go to the Transcontinental Bluebird Trail (all of North America, including Canada).   It’s easy to monitor a box when installed properly and in nestbox designed for easy monitoring and….(this is the fun part) … get to watch the birds close up–you’ll find it to be fascinating and you’ll love it!  Please get in touch with me via this website…just leave a comment (it stays private) and give me your phone number and let me call you back.   I want to help make bluebirding fun for you.   Let’s get the statistics in to the VBS.  I train new monitors.  I enjoy doing that!

I enjoyed presenting twice this year, May and October, at Virginia Tech’s Reynolds Homestead, in Critz, VA.  Thank you so much to them for allowing me to have such wonderful staff assistance, a beautiful room to present my displays and slideshow in the Continuing Education Center, and all the working behind the scenes to get the word out via the press and their website:
Again, many thanks to my neighbor, Carl, who always is there to help me with workshop details for moving and repairing boxes as needed.   An article about Carl recognizing his efforts is in the Fall 2010 issue of the Bird Box, the VBS newsletter.   It can be found online here on Page 2 (Adobe Acrobat Reader is necessary to see this page):

Before we know it, 2011 nesting season will be upon us!  I hope everyone has a blessed holiday season!  Thank you for your support of this site and the Woolwine House Bluebird Trail.
All the best…………Christine



A Poem by “Bluebird Bob” Walshaw

Out they go, rain or shine,
Checking on their Bluebird line.
Helping out those birds of blue,
Walking in the grassy dew.

Opening nestboxes one by one,
Reveling in the morning sun.
Finding nests and eggs so blue,
Spring’s promise coming true.

Another nest with little ones,
Waiting for the parents to come
From east, west, north or south,
With insects for each open mouth.

One more nest -oh so sad!
A roving Black Snake has been bad.
Predator guards work in many ways
But nature can have a different say.

Another nest with babies strong,
Showing that it won’t be long
Before their growing wings they’ll try
And out into the world they’ll fly.

They continue to check nest after nest,
Enjoying successes and fighting pests.
Enemies with beak and claw,
Sharing the Bluebird’s luck of the draw.

But they know from day to day
That all their efforts lead the way
To bringing the Bluebirds safe and strong
Back where all can hear their songs.




Another piece of Susan’s beautiful watercolor of a bluebird!

DATE OF FIRST EGG:  4/8/09 (Last year was 3/28/08)

DATE OF FIRST HATCH:  4/24/09 (Last year was 4/17/09)


BOX TYPES:  14 Rectangular Boxes, 1 Hanging Chalet Box, 1 Newspaper Box

PREDATOR GUARDS:  12 Noel, 14 Stovepipe

ENTRY HOLE SHAPE:  15 1-1/2 “, one open (newspaper box)



PARK:   2





BLUEBIRDS:  22 Nest Attempts:    38 Eggs, 37 Hatched and 32 Fledged

CHICKADEES:  2 Nest Attempts:    6 Eggs, 6 hatched and 3 Fledged

HOUSE WRENS:  2 Nest Attempts:    6 Eggs and 6 Hatched and 6 Fledged

HOUSE SPARROWS:  4 Nest Attempts:   5 Eggs–Nest and eggs removed and deterrence was applied to avoid any more nest attempts.

LOSSES TOTAL:   8 chicks:  5 bluebirds to a snake and 3 chickadees to unknown reason.


Fought House Sparrows at one box in town location.  I successfully kept them from breeding in my nestboxes.  Bluebirds finally were able to occupy that nestbox and bred successfully with a final fledging on July 5.  House Wrens built dummy nests in another box several times in town location.  One House Wren breeding took place and those birds fledged.  Blowfly infestation was bad this year–worse than 2008.  I did not lose one set of chicks due to nest switchouts.  I have noticed the rains bring on parasite and insect problems.  During drought, such as during 2006 and 2007, I did not have any blowflies.  I lost one set of bluebird chicks (6 days old) to a snake, even with the stovepipe guard.  A very large Black Rat Snake can climb past some guards–these guards are 95% effective most times on my trail.   The chickadees strangely only had 3 chicks fledge–the other 3 chicks died in the box, and I was unable to distinguish reason for those deaths.  It could have possibly been poisoning from insecticides or some other kind of illness.  They did not appear to have been attacked.  One box that fledged Bluebirds for first brood was not able to come back and use the box due to Buffalo Gnat infestation.  This happened during a long hard rainy section of days that I could not monitor my trail.  This is why monitoring AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK is preferable, if possible, during the nesting season.  Early in the season and throughout first brood nesting timeframe, I combated Paper Wasps in some of my nestboxes.  I consistently soaped the boxes and removed the nests.  Because of the wasp issues, some nestboxes were not occupied by cavity nesting birds this season.  No wasps were able to nest in any of my trail nestboxes.


Any bluebirds that fledge are a joy.  I was happy that my nest switchouts helped the anemic chicks get strength, bone development, and feather growth to fledge–most fledged on 18-20 days.   I was able to get lots of good photographs of the birds this year with my new camera.  By attending the North American Bluebird Society’s annual conference this year in Grantville, PA, in September, I learned of another option to dealing with the blowfly problem.  I met many wonderful bluebird folks at the conference, further solidifying my passion for bluebirding.   I am additionally mentoring a friend in Henry County who wants to start bluebirding.   I am planning to offer free bluebird presentations to groups.


At the NABS conference, I discovered a new natural substance in a powder form safe for the nestlings that can be added to the bottom of the nesting material in very small amounts to combat blowfly larvae.  I also will be constructing a hardware cloth base to be inserted at the bottom of each box to allow a small space about 1/2″ so that if blowflies get to a nest, the larvae will fall through the base and not be able to crawl back up and get onto the nestlings at night.  Harry Schmeider (Harry’s website:  gave a presentation at this year’s North American Bluebird Society’s Conference, which I attended in Grantville, PA, in September.  He discussed the careful use of a natural substance called diatomaceous earth (a light powder) which works for him to safely combat blowflies before the larvae develop large enough to cause harm to the nestlings.   I am presently getting more details from him via Email for next year’s trail.  I will be moving some of my boxes prior to February 1, 2010.   Additionally, I will be sharing with other bluebirders my “soap paste” mixture I make with Ivory soap and water to combat Paper Wasps and my method using a pastry brush to easily “paint” this mixture inside the boxes.  I also would like to give local presentations about the joys of bluebirding to groups.  I want to enthusiastically continue to educate the local people who are kind enough to allow me to put my boxes on their property.  I am also hoping to increase my trail to 20 boxes for 2010.  Anyone living in Patrick County who would like a VBS box installed, let me know so I can include your nestbox in my County Coordinator statistics for VBS.

The Virginia Bluebird Society posts every year’s state trail summaries.  2009 should be posted soon.  You can find them here, including 2008 final trail statistics:


I want to take this opportunity to thank Barbara Chambers, the VBS State Coordinator, who has helped me as a new County Coordinator these past two years; and to Charlie Chambers, who compiles all the stats from all the County Coordinators forVBS.   We salute you and appreciate you for your dedication.


April 27: Box 13 has 5 hatched bluebirds, about 2-3 days old.  Approximate date of this hatching is Friday, April 24.  Box 5 has 6 Carolina Chickadee eggs.

April 28: Box 12 has 4 newly hatched bluebirds and one egg still to hatch.

May 7:    Box 12: Healthy 10-day old chicks.  Box 13 chicks are 13-days old and healthy.

May 15:    Box 12 chicks still there and ready to fledge.  Box 5 Carolina Chickadees are well.  Not able to distinguish date of hatching.

May 19: Box 12 and 13: Chicks fledged Box 13 approximately May 10.  Chicks fledged Box 12 between May 15 and May 19.   Box 4 has a completed bluebird pine needle nest and 3 laid eggs.

June 2:    Box 12: New bluebird pine needle nest built–no eggs yet.  Box 10: Passive deterrence of House Sparrows worked.  Bluebirds have moved in, built a nest, and 4 eggs laid.  Yay!  Box 7: Wrens stuffed a dummy nest to the ceiling and out the entry hole with sticks.   Sticks removed.   Box 5: 3 of the 6 Carolina Chickadees fledged; three died.  It appears they were attacked by either a House Wren or House Sparrow.  Sad day at this box.  Box 8: Bluebird eggs, 3 of 5, have hatched!  Will check in a few days again.

June 17: My weekly check on the trail, due yesterday, has been delayed due to storms.  The chicks with the nest switchout (blowfly larvae infestation), unfortunately, were taken by a snake the next day, in spite of the stovepipe baffle.  It had to have been a very large snake to get by the baffle (they can stand on their ends!).   They were 10-days old and had a chance as the parents were back in 5 minutes after the switchout to feed them.  It was a sad day for me regarding failure for these chicks’ survival.  I hope to check the boxes again by end of this week!

June 24: Box 12 has new bluebird hatchings!   They appear to be one day old.  Box 10 has one week old chicks…the grass nest is infested with blowfly larvae.  The chicks are underdeveloped and weak.  I did a grass nest switchout.

June 29:   Box 10 chicks, which had a nest switched out from under them by me on June 25, have grown and are looking healthy!   I am seeing beautiful blue feathers growing in.  That is cause for a celebration!  Box 12, has three chicks and one unhatched egg.  The chicks are very anemic and not doing well….the heat is causing some issues, but both parents are caretaking them.  I did a pine needle nest switchout  upon find blowfly larvae dust on the bottom of the nest (the replacement needle nest was from the first brood in this same box…clean and free of parasites, which is why I keep good used nests made by bluebirds and not human-made, which I have done without a bird-made nest !).   The one unhatched egg appears to not be fertile.  The chicks were sitting on the egg which was nestled at the bottom of the nest.   I will check this box tomorrow afternoon again and then again in two days to see if they are getting well.   Additionally, the bluebirds have returned to the same newspaper box, and have not only rebuilt a second brood nest there, but there are four eggs laid, which means the female may have started incubating.   One more egg could show up tomorrow.  Box 7 has a territorial wars going on between House Sparrows, House Wrens, and allegedly a House Finch, as I saw a pair hanging around the box and a male fly out of it at last trail check.   It appears the House Wren has won.  When I opened the box, I noted some movement inside the nest.  The sticks are so tightly made, I cannot see down inside the nest to positively ID which bird is nesting in there, even with my telescoping mechanics mirror.  I will need to sit for a while with my binocs at that box within a day or two to see what birds are going inside.



Fathers Day 2008

Thanks for your comment. Since I review and approve all public comments before publishing, give me a few days to respond to your comments and inquiries. Thank you.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.